|tɑːnæː bəj ʧin sæːn ʊː?||How is your health?|
A: tɑːnæː bəj ʧin sæːn ʊː?
B: sæːn bænɑː bɑjə̌rllɑː
A: tɑːnə̌r sæːn ʊ?
B: bid bugdəːr sæːn bæːnɑː tɑːnæː bəj ʧin sæːn bæːn ʊː?
A: bɑs sæːn bæːnɑː bɑjirtæː
|“tɑːnæː bəj ʧin sæːn ʊː?” literally means “Is your body well?” The meaning is your health and general well-being, though.|
|The root word for both “thank you” and “goodbye” is bɑyə̌r, which means happiness.|
________ sæːn ʊː?
|Both /iːn/ and /næː/ endings make a word possessive. Which one is used depends on the word it follows.|
|Remember that the /ʧin/ emphasizes the meaning of “your”.|
- tɑbnæː odə̌r
- jisnæː odə̌r
- ɑrbə̌n dorbə̌næː odə̌r
- xœrə̌n dɔlɔːnæː odə̌r
- gʊʧə̌næː odə̌r
- gʊʧə̌n nəgnæː odə̌r
A: onoːdə̌r ʤʊrgɑːn tərgə̌l bɑgʧ irn uː
|Expansion one tells how to make the days of the month. The /næː/ sound is put between the number and “day” to refer to the day of the month. However, in spoken Mongolian a simple /n/ sound after the number can also be used to mean the day (as in Expansion 2).|
|bɑt||Batu (a common boy’s name)|
|tərgə̌l||Tergel (a common girl’s name)|
|iːn||possessive particle (like “apostrophe s” in English)|
|næː||possessive particle (like “apostrophe s” in English)|
An /n/ sound is often added between words that are related. Thus, in the word eleven, which is “ten one”, the /ɑrə̌b/ (ten) becomes /ɑrə̌bə̌n/ or just /ɑrbə̌n/.
Listen to the differences:
Listen to all the numbers from one to thirty-one.
When talking about a day of the month, the number and the word “day” are connected by making the number possessive. The 11th day (of the month) is literally said like “eleven’s day” or “the day of eleven”. Listen to the days of the month:
As mentioned in the note above, the word “day” is optional in spoken Mongolian. However, there is still an /n/ sound at the end of the number. Listen to the days of the month when said without the word “day”:
How do you say the following words:
- thank you
- the numbers 1 through 31
- the days of the month 1 through 31
How do you say the following sentences:
- How is your health?
- How is your parents’ health?
- How Teacher Smith’s health?
- Today is the 3rd.
- Today is the 15th.
- Today is the 30th.
- Today is the 31st.
- Thank you.
If you were able to say most of these things correctly then you are ready to go on to lesson three. If not, then keep practicing! You can also download the audio for the whole lesson so that you can practice listening while washing the dishes. Just right-click the link below and choose “Save Link As…” to download.