Lesson 12

Key Sentences

L12-K

təŋgə̌r huitə̌rʤeː The weather is cold.
bi nəg xobə̌ŋ dəːl ɑbiː gəʤ bæːnɑː I’m going to get a cotton padded deel.
gærə̌g iːn odə̌r ɔʧjɑː bɔln ʊː? Let’s go on Sunday, ok?
gærə̌g iːn odə̌r hun dənduː ɔlə̌n There are too many people on Sunday.
bi tər ʊtsə̌n xurm iː omsə̌ʤ uʤləː Let me try on that sweater.
bɔlnɔː Ok.
bi ʊmdɑːn ʊːi gəʤ bɔdə̌ʤ bæːn I want to drink a beverage.

 

Dialogs

 

One

L12-D1

Two

L12-D2

 

 

Notes
Have we talked about the /iː/? The word it follows is the object of the verb. Sometimes it is left out when talking about something in general, but it is especially used when referring to a specific object. We see this in /bi ən xɔbʧə̌s iː ɑbjɑː/. I’ll get this article of clothing.

Substitution

 

One

L12-S1

 

Two

L12-S2

 

 

Notes:
gəʤ bæːnɑː can also be pronounced gəʤinɑː
As I understand it, gəʤ bæːn expresses the speakers intent to do something, whereas bɔdə̌ʤ bæːn is more thinking about or wanting to do something. gəʤ itself is some sort of connecting word.

Expansion

 

One

L12-E1

 

Notes:
Here we can see how to say you don’t want to do something.

 

Vocabulary

xuitə̌r
to become cold
təŋgə̌r
weather, sky
xobə̌n dəːl
cotton padded deel (Mongolian robe)
gəʤ
grammatical connecting word
ɔlə̌n
many
ʊtsə̌n xorə̌m
sweater
omə̌s
to wear
ʊmdɑːn drink, beverage
bɔd
to think, to want
təgbə̌l well then, in that case
ɑbxɑi
Miss, Ma’am
tœxə̌r to suit, to be suitable
ɔxə̌r
short
dexɑːd
again
jɑb ʧɑb
just (right), perfectly
tɑːr to be right, correct
xʊbʧə̌s
clothes
ʊrə̌ldɑːn
competition
ɔr
to enter
xɑmt
together
durəːsə̌l
to rent
mɑneːd
our place, our house
gɑdə̌ʃ gɑr
to go out
niləːd
quite, very
mɑʃ
much, very
jɑdə̌r
to be tired
dəmeː
(not) so, very
biʃ
not, no

L12-V

 

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If you have any questions about this lesson or if you notice a mistake, then please leave a comment below. If I don’t know the answer myself, then I will ask our teachers.

6 comments on “Lesson 12
  1. Cong Nie says:

    Sain baina uu?
    Dont give up ur work lol,thanks to ur lessons now i can talk to my friends in Inner Mongolia. Come on

  2. Warrick says:

    Inspirational. Hopefully life doesn’t keep you too long, these lessons are really helpful!

    • Suragch says:

      Working on developing Mongol apps has kept me busy recently. Although I am continuing my own personal study of Mongolian, I have neglected working on getting more lessons online. Sorry about that. If anyone one else is interested in contributing to this website let me know.

  3. Sakura says:

    Your website has been so amazingly helpful and i can’t thankyou enough for the helpful audio as well. I see you last updated in 2015. I wonder where you are now, i really hope you can come back to updating this website again. There’s is so much to know.

    • Suragch says:

      I actually have the lessons all recorded through lesson 20. It takes about 10 hours of work to do the editing for every lesson, though, so I haven’t gotten around to it. For the past couple years I’ve spent more of my time developing Mongolian cell phone software like the Chimee app. I’m also continuing my own private Mongolian study. It helps to know that people like you are actually using the lessons so hopefully that will be a motivation to get some more out.

      You can view the unfinished lessons by typing the lesson number in the page address. For example, lesson 13 is http://www.studymongolian.net/lessons/lesson-13/. When I finish the lessons I will add links in the menu.

      • Johannes says:

        I can only support the comments of Sakura and others and encourage you to continue the good work. As for the downloads, I wonder if you could add lesson 12 and 13 to the list of downloads? To me lesson 13 looks nearly perfect, perhaps just lacking some grammatical explanations.

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